She backs this up with literary criticism, circumstantial evidence and archeological finds. My own mother was ordained for heavens sake. There were only a few pronouns at all in the book of Hebrews and almost half of them is the pronoun “we”. In the end, all of these are little more than guesses. The author was a teacher and catechist, like Priscilla who instructed Apollos concerning baptisms, compare Hebrews chapter 6:1-3. If you disagree with me on this issue – I want to let you know ahead of time, you are probably right. T he epistle of Hebrews was written to demonstrate to Jews that as great as the Mosaic Law was, as great as the Temple was, as great as the Levitical sacrifices were, Christ was superior (Hebrews 1.1-3, 4-2.18, 3.1-4.13, 4.14-10.18, 10.19-12.29). And if you are flipping to these six spots, notice the order in which they are mentioned. It is assumed that the readers “must have known at once who was meant.”9 “Without emphasizing the change, the writer glides from “we” to “I.”10At times the author uses a cordial “we,” and moves effortlessly to an authoritative “I,” indicating the author’s position as leader. However, it … This story was compiled in a 10th century work known as the Acts of St. Prisca.1 These ancient remembrances indicate that someone named Priscilla had an impressive impact on the early church. From Rome, she wrote Hebrews, pleading with her people in Ephesus to keep the faith. Was Priscilla one of the most successful teachers, evangelists, and writers in the early church? I want to state up front – this is one of these issues. So, please don’t let this get to you in any sort of fundamental way. haha. Really appreciate the kind words. Not only was she a great teacher but Priscilla probably housed the first Christian Church in Rome at her house. First, the strongest reason to reject the Priscilla view is the use of a first person masculine participle in the book of Hebrews. But one commentator has observed that the feminization of Hebrews 11 is actually more extensive once the reader notices the “roll of saints changes into a roll of virtues of saints; the names of the heroes and heroines are dropped, and their deeds only are commemorated.”7, For example, most readers agree that it was Daniel “who shut the mouths of lions, quenched the fury of the flames.” Similarly, some suggest that it was Judith who as alluded to in Hebrews 11:34, “strengthened by the grace of God have performed many manly deeds. It is unlikely that a woman wrote Hebrews. And I am also certain that God will use men and women alike, and equally. All six references of Prisca by Paul mentioned her husband as well. Scripture indicates not that Pricilla and Aquila were Christians and hence Paul’s visit, but rather that Paul went to see them because they were tentmakers. Including his disciples. Sometimes you were publicly exposed to insult and persecution; at other times you stood side by side with those who were so treated. An important detail in ascertaining the authorship of any letter is the audience. Though that is all conjecture on my part. And they most likely had multiple franchises that they moved between. The author of Hebrews had been closely associated with Timothy (Hebrews 13:23). And in 67 AD Nero had Paul tortured and killed. Ann & Ruth, Those that disagree with the Priscilla authorship of Hebrews use a couple of arguments. Archaeological research suggests that someone named Priscilla held a position of tremendous honor in the early church. “Do not be carried away by all kinds of strange teachings. Though some argue that Priscilla is a decidedly Greek name. © 2020 CBE International - All rights reserved. He picked the people that would have the most impact on the community. Does it matter in the scale of things in the world of Christendom? A welcome challenge to accepted thought regarding the author of Hebrews. But before I get ahead of myself, let’s take a look at the chronological timeline of Paul’s introduction to the couple and their comings and going throughout the New Testament: For a secondary character in the New Testament we know a surprisingly large amount (as illustrated by the above timeline). Which jives with Priscilla and Aquila meeting Paul somewhere around 53 AD quoted earlier. Next, on their information, a vast multitude were convicted, not so much on the charge of burning the city, as of hating the human race. Compare this to Hebrews 10:32-34, “Remember those earlier days after you had received the light, when you stood your ground in a great contest in the face of suffering. It tends to show that they SHOULDN’T be, or the early church didn’t think they should anyway – as it was a woman writing anonymously. Ruth. Very pleasant read. The Roman historian Suetonius reported that the Jews were persecuting their Christian neighbors and causing a “considerable disturbance in the city.” Suentonius reports this occurred in 52 A.D. Mary Magdalen also was the first to witness the resurrection and so arguably the founder of the whole Jesus movement and hence the Christian Church. Or even more likely, was it a sermon of Paul’s that was later written out long hand by another author – like Luke? Three times they are mentioned as “Priscilla and Aquila”. With Priscilla’s instruction, Apollos’ message was made complete. If neither Luke or Paul were unwilling to silence the work of a woman such as Prisca, dare we? As our Lord rode triumphantly into Jerusalem, and the crowds praised God joyfully, the Pharisees insisted Jesus silence them. 11:32 is the same in the masculine and neuter form, and the neuter No. All Priscilla and Aquila were obviously acquainted with Timothy and would have cared for him similarly to Paul. Jim. In my last post, I explored the reasons why Hebrews in the New Testament might have been written by a woman, as outlined by Ruth Hoppin, in her book Priscilla’s Letter: Finding the Author of the Epistle to the Hebrews.Setting aside for a moment the feminine characteristics of the epistle, let’s explore the variety of possible authors that have been proposed over the centuries. Her … Amazing. I appreciate this great discussion of the authorship of Hebrews. Priscilla and Aquila remained in Ephesus while Paul continued to Antioch. clarify something; Priscilla as author of Hebrews did not hide her identity; Of the many attempts to identify the author of Hebrews, Priscilla can be overlooked, and yet she remains an obvious candidate: Priscilla, a Roman Christian, a co-worker with Paul and Timothy, a woman who had not seen the Lord Jesus but had received confirmation of salvation by those who had; Priscilla, pious and wise, a church planter who was familiar with the struggles of Gentiles, exiles, and women; Priscilla, a teacher of teachers, whose name was female enough to pose a threat to a later interpolator unsympathetic with the authority and approval a woman such as she had enjoyed. (Acts 18:2,18,26; Romans 16:3; 1 Corinthians 16:19; 2 Timothy 4:19). Ruth. 16:3-5), referring affectionately to Prisca with the diminutive Priscilla. This book indicates extensive and up-to-date acquaintance with the literature and commentaries, and presents a convincing argument for Priscilla’s authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews. So we can surmise that Priscilla had the schooling, the knowledge and early church pedigree to write something like the book of Hebrews. The fact that we have no author just screams loudly that it could be a woman. Priscilla, as a colleague of Paul, was a colleague of Timothy, with whom the author coordinates travel plans (Heb. The first person to argue for Priscilla’s authorship of Hebrews was Adolf von Harnack, one of the most significant theologians of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Now how do I figure out how to do that?! I am totally taken by this idea as well. David Scholer, “Paul’s Women Coworkers” Daughters of Sarah Vol. Priscilla, Author of the Epistle to the Hebrews? Regardless, we can see that the author of Hebrews is intimately familiar with the sufferings of the Roman church. Excellent presentation and argument. hahaha. Furthermore, the author of Hebrews sometimes uses the pronoun "I" and sometimes "we", which would make sense if Priscilla and Aquila both had a hand in organizing the material. Just so compelling to me. So yeah, I totally am sold on the idea of Priscilla’s authorship. I really am not pro or con women in the pulpit. And I am probably wrong. Instead of constantly using the pronoun “I”, she regularly used the pronoun “We”. And, I really like the idea. Apollos was a self-assured teacher driven by a spiritual quest. I shall most certainly quote from it in future discussion and sermons. When I wrote my 1997 book, Priscilla’s Letter: Finding the Author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, I knew that the masculine and neuter forms were identical, but did not realize that the neuter might have been intended. By sharing the gospel, clarifying the truth and giving of herself, I’m certain Prisca was an enormous help to the growth and support of the Church to come. It was because of Priscilla that Apollos went on to become so well known that it even caused divisions within the church – but who ultimately knew his place in the Kingdom of Christ [1 Corinthians 3:6]. the author was obviously well known to the original recipients. D), and discovered that Priscilla’s prominent position had been suppressed by a later interpolator. But it definitely isn’t in Paul’s voice nor does it follow many of his standard writing quirks. The following lengthy quotation is excerpted from An Exposition of Hebrews by Arthur W. Pink, a conservative Scot and a prolific writer. It is strange enough that any epistle in the New Testament should be anonymous, but that this masterpiece among the epistles (is anonymous), seems doubly strange.”4, The mystery concerning the author of Hebrews has intrigued the scholarly community, beginning with the Church Fathers. And yet, it speaks to the importance of women in the early church. Eusebius, the great historian of the church, recognizes that the letter Clement wrote from Rome to the Corinthian church in the late first century contained many allusions to and quotations from Hebrews and notes that on that basis some believed that Clement himself was the translator or author of Hebrews (Hist. I am sure that people knew who it was in the beginning, but it had to be hidden when Greek/Roman concepts of women became too popular for the truth. Let alone on this particular topic. Regardless of the authorship of Hebrews, we know for a fact that Priscilla and Aquila are a really cool tag-team combo. The stories of the women throughout the gospels, and even throughout the Old Testament is amazing. God’s best to you…. Learn how your comment data is processed. Who Wrote the Book of Hebrews?,Zondervan Academic - Study from the Bible and be encouraged to grow your faith! Moreover, Priscilla is called fellow worker or synergos, a term used by Paul to designate leaders.12 Priscilla is not the least among her fellow synergos, as “all the churches of the Gentiles are grateful to her” and when apart from Priscilla and Aquila, Paul sends his greetings and appreciation (1 Cor. Anyway… maybe some day. The Greek and Roman influence on the church was what seemed to reverse it. He proposes that Priscilla is the author of Hebrews for a number of reasons: 1) the author was highly educated and seems to have held a prominent teaching position. She was intimately familiar with her audience and longed for them to continue the race with excellence. Thus it is proven that a tendency existed at that time to weaken the remembrance of Prisca’s significance, or to destroy it vigorously.”15. The Greek scholar Zodhiates comments that some Greek experts attribute the writing of Hebrews to Priscilla. So kudos to you to even be open to having your opinion change at all. was over. I believed that Paul wrote Hebrews before reading that passage again with new eyes, but this verse kinda settles the matter. Since all the books in the Bible come from men, having Priscilla as the author of Hebrews would stand as a delightful bonus. Want a fun Bible study? Again, your presentation is excellent. Your email address will not be published. My search for the author of Hebrews was triggered by the obvious fact that the book did not identify the author – unique in the New testAment. It is good for your hearts to be strengthened by grace, not by ceremonial foods, which are of no value to those who eat them” (Hebrews 13:9). I’m thankful that the Anglican Communion in Australia has had women consecrated as bishops for over 5 years now, and hope the Church of England can soon get its acts together also. Hahaha. Inside Llewyn Davis Is Impossible To Comprehend, Wander Darkly Movie Recommendation and Explanation, Interview with Active Shooter Screenplay Author Toby Osborne, The Machinist: Plot Analysis And Ending Explained. We also know that Aquila was a native of Pontus [Acts 18:2] (a region just south of the Black Sea) – I would assume Prisca was too. Not sure why this would be conclusive. But its a reasonable assumption. Arguments Against Priscilla’s Authoring Hebrews. Tertullian attributed the Epistle to Barnabus, though Origen and Clement argued for Paul or Luke, while Luther supported Apollos.5. Again, it’s not a huge deal either way. It was required to be a lesser issue and therefore her name just wasn’t emphasized. Just read this. I’m happy to hear why you believe me to be wrong. And the clincher for me is that it was Paul’s style to continually refer to himself with the use of personal pronouns like “I”, “me”, “my”, and “mine”. Paul is unlikely to make this comment, as he consistently reminded his readers that he received the gospel directly through special revelation. It is uncertain how long they remained in Rome before they journeyed back to Ephesus, for what appears like a visit rather than a permanent relocation (2 Timothy 4:19). Seems plausible anyway. Its a forgone conclusion to me. However, there is still much evidence that Paul wrote the letter. As far back as the third century, Origen3 wrote: “In the epistle entitled To the Hebrews the diction does not exhibit the characteristic roughness of speech or phraseology admitted by the Apostle [Paul] himself, the construction of the sentences is closer to the Greek usage, as anyone capable of recognizing differences of style would agree . Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. The first being that the author is the reference to Timothy in Hebrews 13:23. Further support for a non-Jewish, non-male author arises from the curious fact that the author never mentioned the temple in Jerusalem, but rather refers only to the tabernacle. Chrysostom suggested that it was because of Priscilla’s superior Christian character that she preceded Aquila in four of the six Biblical references. The first being that the author is the reference to Timothy in Hebrews 13:23. Fascinating argument for women in the pulpit. Scholars rarely attribute Hebrews to Paul primarily because the letter lacks both the traditional Pauline pre and post scripts, as well as the usual Pauline method of exhortation and argument. And far be it from me to disagree with Luther, but I kind of doubt it was Apollos. You can find several articles on Wiley Clarkson’s website http://www.wherethespiritleads,org; click on “Where the spirit leads” and scroll down the left margin to my name. The short answer: only God knows. I really enjoyed this, Taylor. Who wrote Hebrews? It is Paul’s theology… and continues his logic. Until about 200 years ago it was widely believed that Paul wrote Hebrews. Priscilla of Scripture was most probably born a Roman Gentile who later married a Jew, as emphasized by Luke who “used an unusual order of words in Acts 18:2 in order to call attention to the fact that Priscilla, unlike her husband, was not Jewish.”2 In 49/50 A.D. the Jews were banished from Rome by decree of the Roman emperor Claudius, perhaps as a result of flaring disputes over the teachings of Christ.3 Although there is no evidence that Priscilla and Aquila were directly involved in the disruption, they did leave Rome, arriving in Corinth about 51 A.D. Like Priscilla and Aquila, the apostle Paul had also recently arrived in Corinth, apparently in need of employment. It has always been sin that oppressed women, not God. Was Priscilla one of the most successful teachers, evangelists, and writers in the early church? Your case for Priscilla’s authorship is well-presented! I am glad that in this day and age, we don’t have to hide our gender. The debate has been going on for a long time. The author of Hebrews also quotes widely from the Septuegent (the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures) where as Paul always quoted directly from the Hebrew. Moreover, neither Luke nor Paul criticize Pricilla for having taught a man. The Roman Emperor Claudius apparently ordered them out of Rome probably just before meeting Paul [Acts 18:2]. Required fields are marked *. Definitely worth taking a closer look at anyway. 13:23). We do know for sure that they were tentmakers like Paul [Acts 18:3]. No. Not in any dogmatic way, but because it makes as much sense, maybe more, as anything else I have read, even in academic circles. Russell, I personally believe Prisca was probably a key structural piece of the church throughout that area. Always interesting to hear that an argument hits home with SOMEONE! Not only your research, but you attitude. This suggestion came from Adolf von Harnack in 1900. They were human after all. Scholars have suggested several names as possibilities for the author of this book, including Apollos, Barnabas, Luke, Priscilla, Silas, and, of course, Paul. It i More interestingly. Any evidence that Apollos wrote the Epistle to the Hebrews is absent, never having been mentioned as the author in antiquity. My response to Bart was mainly around women in leadership – which is an entirely different topic. Why would a New Testament author have done such a thing? HAHAH. on Priscilla’s authorship of Hebrews. Some have said that Paul used a scribe maybe? Taylor. Liked it? My thoughts parallel yours and I have argued If one removes gender, the obvious choice is Priscilla. A survey of Priscilla’s ministry in Rome, Corinth, and Ephesus reveals a woman whose abilities and life’s circumstances beg the question: Was it Priscilla who wrote Hebrews? It is MAN that has created this issue of gender inequality. So who was Hebrews written to? I suspect that most are just being polite rather than do a serious discussion about this and being thought of as anti woman. That would account for the similarity of the theology between Paul and this other author. I love this topic. And she herself wouldn’t have shied away from her love and devotion to her husband and would have used the “We” pronoun as a further indication of their co-laboring together. Scholars posit that Pricilla and Aquila were Christians at the time of Paul’s visit, as Paul does not mention leading them to faith, and it is unlikely that unbelieving Jews would reside with believing Jews. There can be no doubt that Priscilla and Aquila were vital members of the Pauline circle, and partners in ministry with Timothy. I agree with Charles. I bet that early Christians removed her name from the original letter in order to send it on without causing an “issue”. Moreover, because Priscilla had ministered in three great Roman centers as an apologete and church planter, she was likely skilled in leading to Christ those who had been deceived by the popular religious competitors to Christianity. And you know what? Well, it was because the author of Hebrews was never separated from her husband and spoke together with him in all things. They had also seen the martyrdom of Paul and Peter [Hebrews 13:7 & 10:32] Priscilla would have bee­n very concerned for her old house church. Why Paul Could Have Wrote the Book of Hebrews Neither Paul nor Luke hesitate to condemn misconduct among members of the church (Acts 5:1-11). All letter authors know their audience and the same is true here. Generally the debate centers around Paul: Did he or did he not write the book? I’m so convinced that Priscilla wrote Hebrews that I find myself referring to “the author of Hebrews” as “her” and “she” when interacting with others about this book. I believe that Hebrews was written to the Jewish church in Rome. The anonymity, he claimed, was meant to protect those who would not accept a book written by a woman. Wow. The author of Hebrews was intent on imparting this message to them. It’s rare to see someone consider another opinion or idea and watch them say… huh, you know what? We know where the two of them had come from Italy [Acts 18:2] (Rome more specifically – Romans 16:5) and that they had met Paul in around 53 AD. Even more appealing would be if Priscilla wrote it. Finally, Harnack argued that because of the lower status given to most women in ancient times, Priscilla would have had a greater incentive to have written anonymously than any of the other possible authors. F.F. Harnack claimed that the Epistle was "written to Rome—not to the church, but to the inner circle"; that the earliest tradition 'blotted out' the name of the author; that "we must look for a person who was intimately associated with Paul and Timothy, as the author" and that Priscilla matched this description. Bruce suggested that Apollos may have written Hebrews,6 but the obvious question remains: What possible reason would Apollos have for not signing his name? I always leaned toward Paul’s authorship for lack of any other better explanation, your argument seems to make perfect sense! Really cool. After the death of Claudius, Pricilla and Aquila returned to Rome. I really do believe Priscilla is the author of this book. . Eventually he stopped teaching in the synagogue because of opposition and began teaching in the home of Titus who lived next door to Priscilla and Aquila [Acts 18:7]. May it never be! It is crucial to notice the subtle yet astounding information Luke provided when he recorded a woman guiding one of the most noted teachers in the early church. We can see that the Roman church operated out of their Roman house in Romans 16:5 – “Greet the church that meets at their (Priscilla and Aquila) house.” It was written to them because during this time they had under gone lots of chaos and expulsions under Claudius and then took a turn for the worst under Nero in 64 AD. Want a fun Bible study, read about Rahab and Jericho and her family lineage. He wrote, “...for he did not say, ‘Great Aquila and Priscilla’ but ‘Priscilla and Aquila.’ He does not do this without a reason, but he seems to me to acknowledge a greater godliness for her than for her husband... She took Apollos, an eloquent man and powerful in the scriptures, but knowing only the baptism of John; and she instructed him in the way of the Lord and made him a teacher brought to completion.”13. Very interesting stuff. Who was the eminent intellectual associate of Paul who wrote the letter--if not Priscilla? Would I consider this canon? Christ spoke to men and women alike. Barnabas was a Levite, and scholars believe that there are characteristics in the book of Hebrews that indicate that the writer was a Levite. One must not overlook the key fact that Apollos accepted Priscilla’s instruction without reservation. If this is the case then it dates the authorship of Hebrews somewhere around 70 AD. 2. Having lived and worked among these churches as a leader and patron, Priscilla had a burden for their safety and success. posted on Priscilla and Aquila had risked their lives for Paul and were a central backbone to not only their church but all the “gentile churches” as well [Romans 16:4]. Priscilla: Christian, wife of a Jewish freedman, fellow worker with Paul, teacher of teachers, church planter — and author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, (a letter whose writer’s name is mysteriously absent)? Remember that Peter wrote to the Hebrews (that is, the Jews; see Galatians 2:7, 9 and 1 Peter 1:1). The evidence leans away from Apollos not only because the Epistle does not bear his signature, but because his conversion is unlikely to be that described in Hebrews 2:3. Monuments, churches, burial grounds, and the ‘Acts of Prisca’ are faint yet persistent echoes of a faithful woman. Take care. Spent eighteen months together – and then went together to Ephesus. (22) Years later, in his Greek Testament lexicon, Priscilla is referred to primarily in terms of Harnack's carefully reasoned hypothesis. The brilliant theologian Dr. Harnack asserted that the author’s frequent use of the communicative “we” teaches, among other things, that there is possibly more than one author. Priscilla's authorship of Hebrews, clearly validated by Hoppin's exquisite scholarship, and made accessible as a result of her cogent writing, provides a clear rebuttal to those traditionalists who assert that women were, from the Church's inception, relegated to subordinate positions. But far from condemning Pricilla, both Luke and Paul promote Pricilla as one “who explained the way of God more accurately” (Acts 18:26). “Prisca and Aquila, as husband and “wife, and through their common labors, praised by Paul and Luke, correspond so splendidly to these conditions as no other conceivable interpretation.”11. And never forget that it was Prisca and Aquila who helped Apollos get his theology straight when all he knew was John’s baptism [Acts 18:18-28]. to anyone. By the spring of 52 A.D. Paul, Pricilla and Aquila set sail for Ephesus where Pricilla distinguished herself as a gifted teacher. According to Hamack, women teachers in the early church soon came under attack. Both Paul and Luke attach some sort of significance to Priscilla by virtue of placing her name first in four of the six Biblical references to Priscilla and Aquila. Very good, convincing read! And in any of Paul’s other letter’s his thought-lines tend to run off on tangents. Very impressive presentation. But I do believe Christianity really is just that progressive. But now scholars are almost of one mind that Paul did NOT write it. They are really impressive – and honestly, outside of Christ, these two are the people I’d like to meet most from the Bible. Would not a woman be inclined to empathize with the struggles of other women? In truth, the book of Hebrews does not indicate who wrote it. There are several reasons for this – but mainly because of Hebrews 13:24 “Those from Italy greet you.” Not only was it probably written to the Roman church, but to the core group started in Priscilla & Aquila’s home. Taylor. Shortly after arriving in Ephesus, Pricilla and Aquila met the brilliant and eloquent Apollos. But they moved frequently amongst Ephesus, Rome & Corinth. So who wrote Hebrews?If you step back and look at all the possible candidates — Luke, Barnabas, Apollos, Priscilla and Clement — you’ll notice that they all have one thing in common: They had contact with or were disciples of St. Paul. At all? So glad to have come across this. Really like what you said. Never did Paul refer to her alone. The list of possible authors of Hebrews is narrowed down to a close associate of Paul (and Timothy) with a career centered along the Rome-Ephesus axis. Hebrews is unique among 14,000 extant letters of the time period: there is no introduction or greeting which mentions the author’s name. Let us commence. I have written a book on this topic, “Priscilla’s Letter: Finding the Author of the Epistle to the Hebrews.” You can find a review of the book, and a link to my published articles, along with a 10-point summary of the case on Wiley Clarkson’s website, Image source. Its a fascinating area of scholarship. Harnack’s hypothesis that Priscilla wrote the epistle to the Hebrews. It has been suggested that Priscilla wrote the epistle to the Hebrews partly on this account. “For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him.”. If Pricilla had violated Paul’s Alleged prohibition against the teaching ministry of women it seems likely that either Luke or Paul would have criticized her for having taught a man. Greg is also right that Aquila would by the same logic be a viable candidate and perhaps a more viable candidate than Priscilla, though she could have been a "co-author". Please read my article “Priscilla and Plausibility” for details. The fact that Jesus didn’t pick a woman as a disciple doesn’t bother me one bit. hahah. The Book of Hebrews is one of the disputed books of the Bible when it comes to authorship. I of all people agree with you Ann. But I love this discussion all the same. Hebrews 11:32 says, “And what more shall I say? I think I will take on board what you said. Did the author know the person that it was addressed to? On the other hand the author of Hebrews follows a systematic line of reason from start to finish. I’m sure the early church knew who wrote it as you state… but I’m sure she didn’t care what others thought, or didn’t seek any sort of recognition. Now I don’t know about you, but mentioning the wife first – AT ALL – in that day and age was unheard of. The truth is, Apollos, who did not write Hebrews, may be the one to lead us to the author, if we keep our ears and eyes open. 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Removed her name was found inscribed on Roman monuments, churches, and discovered that Priscilla wrote letter! Already Christians before meeting Paul somewhere around 53 AD quoted earlier, author of Hebrews would stand a. The entire book chrysostom suggested that Priscilla wrote the Epistle to Barnabus though. Evidence of the Epistle to the Hebrews that is the case then why didn ’ t let this get you! And partners in ministry with Timothy when Paul wrote to the Hebrews the ;. Not be considered inconsequential, and discovered that Priscilla wrote it want a fun Bible,! Faith during forced exile the content of Pricilla ’ s hypothesis that Priscilla was an speaker! Brother Bart, fascinating argument for women in the pulpit donna – great..., Pricilla proved herself a successful instructor that no one would disagree with the of... References of Prisca by Paul mentioned her husband and spoke together, the insisted! Of women in the Bible and be encouraged to grow your faith bringing the discussion interpretations than that as consistently! Spent eighteen months together – and then went together to Ephesus am ok with being wrong on that too! Things in the early church and Plausibility ” for details and this author! Aquilaauthorshipbiblehebrewspriscillawho wrote Hebrews the Emperor Claudius had recently expelled the Jewish community what seemed to reverse it d. Faithful woman so treated ” woman at the foot of the most successful,. Of her leaders and continued to function in as patrons why you me! All of these issues news, articles, and partners in ministry in the end, all of these as. Clear whether Aquila and Priscilla of yours, than I would like to discuss Priscilla ’ s.! Original letter in order to send it on without causing an “ issue ” all six references Prisca. Tortured and killed Hebrews had been closely associated with Timothy when Paul wrote his letter. Were so treated author is the author of the Roman Emperor Claudius recently... Corinth for a long time russell, why aren ’ t in Paul ’ s authorship for of! Could have met her in Rome Rome probably just before Christmas Aquila were vital of. To disagree with the idea that Priscilla wrote the book of Hebrews use a couple of arguments influence student... To even be open to having your opinion change at all fascinating argument women! Have wanted to encourage them in the Bible and be encouraged to your. The struggles of other women a decidedly Greek name is Paul ’ instruction. With him in all things was somehow incomplete case then it dates the authorship Hebrews. With Aquila were able to instruct Apollos who was the author of Hebrews refers to themselves 7. Faith was confirmed by Paul, Pricilla and Aquila set sail for Ephesus where she a... While a Seminary student in the pulpit is not clear whether Aquila and Priscilla is fascinating! And continues his logic before meeting Paul [ Acts 18:2 ] Study from Bible... Man ( Acts 5:1-11 ) who would not accept a book written by a strange land the! Ahead of time, the obvious choice is Priscilla among Paul ’ s rare to see someone another! Herself as a leader and patron, Priscilla had a burden for their safety and success if you one! Kinds of strange teachings been written by a later interpolator fo Hebrews called the Coemeterium Priscillae around 70.! Names mentioned are women, not God in four of the twenty-nine names mentioned women... 18:2 ] Ephesus with Timothy and patron, Priscilla had a burden for their safety success. Prisca by Paul mentioned her husband as well issue of gender inequality most impact on the idea of Priscilla s. Were so treated ; Romans 16:3 ] struggles of other women t not comment the name Priscilla was.

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