Asthma triggers are different from person to person and can include: A number of factors are thought to increase your chances of developing asthma. This is the second of four stages of asthma and typically means you have symptoms more than twice a week, but less than once per day. They might only happen when you react to a trigger, like pollen, dust, cigarette smoke, cold air or pets. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Mayo Clinic; 2020. Follow your asthma action plan. You also won't need as much medication to control your symptoms. If you act quickly, you're less likely to have a severe attack. Accessed April 6, 2020. The most common symptoms of asthma: Cough; Wheeze; Breathlessness; Chest tightness; You don’t need to have all these symptoms to have asthma. Not everyone with asthma has the usual symptoms of cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath. 2020; doi:10.1155/2020/1021258. Asthma attacks often develop slowly, sometimes taking a couple of days or more to become serious, although some people with asthma are prone to sudden, unexpected severe attacks. Work with your doctor to determine what to do when your signs and symptoms worsen — and when you need emergency treatment. The main symptoms of asthma are: a whistling sound when breathing (wheezing) breathlessness; a tight chest, which may feel like a band is tightening around it; coughing; The symptoms can sometimes get temporarily worse. Menu Signs of an asthma emergency include: If your asthma symptoms get worse. Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a respirat… Using a metered dose asthma inhaler and spacer. Because asthma often changes over time, it's important that you work with your doctor to track your signs and symptoms and adjust your treatment as needed. Asthma symptoms include coughing, wheezing, headache, fatigue, dark circles under the eyes, trouble sleeping, and loss of... Asthma Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways of the lungs, which can be managed with proper treatment. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Common symptoms that can lead to a diagnosis of asthma include: Persistent or recurring coughing: which often occurs at night or early in the morning, although it can happen at any time. Accessed March 30, 2020. Prevention is always the best strategy. 2019; doi:10.1016/j.mcna.2018.12.004. 2020; doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001277.pub4. 2019; doi:10.1016/j.ccm.2018.10.004. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has many of the same symptoms as asthma. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. You may learn to recognize warning signs of an impending attack, such as slight coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath. Clinics in Chest Medicine. Accessed March 27, 2020. Asthma (adult). Ferri FF. 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